Articles of a treaty made and concluded at La Pointe of Lake Superior, in the Territory of Wisconsin, between Robert Stuart commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, by their chiefs and headmen.

ARTICLE I.

The Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, cede to the United States all the country within the following boundaries; viz: beginning at the mouth of Chocolate river of Lake Superior; thence northwardly across said lake to intersect the boundery line between the United States and the Province of Canada: thence up said Lake Superior to the mouth of the St. Louis, or Fond du Lac river (including all the islands in said lake); thence up said river to the American Fur Company's trading post at the southwardly bend thereof, about 22 miles from its mouth: thence south to intersect the line of the treaty of 29th July 1837, with the Chippewas of the Mississippi: thence along said line to its southeastwardly extremity, near the Plover portage on the Wisconsin river; thence northeastwardly, along the boundary line. between the Chippewas and Menomonees, to its eastern termination, (established by the treaty held with the Chippewas, Menomonees, and Winnebagoes, at Butte des Morts, August 11th 1827) On the Skonawby river of Green Bay: thence northwardly to the source of Chocolate river; thence down said river to its mouth, the place of beginning: it being the intention of the parties to this treaty, to include in this cession, all the Chippewa lands eastwardly of the aforesaid line running from the American Fur Company's trading post on the Fond du Lac river to the intersection of the line of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi July 29th 1837.

ARTICLE II.

The Indians stipulate for the right of hunting on the ceded territory, with the other usual privileges of occupancy, until required to remove by the President of the United States, and that the laws of the United States shall be continued in force, in respect to their trade and intercourse with the whites, until otherwise ordered by Congress.

ARTICLE III.

It is agreed by the parties to this treaty, that whenever the Indians shall be required to remove from the ceded district, all the unceded lands belonging to the Indians of Fond du Lac, Sandy Lake, and Mississippi bands, shall be the common property and home of all the Indians, party to this treaty.

ARTICLE IV.

In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States, engage to pay to the Chippers Indians of the Mississippi, and Lake Superior, annually, for twenty-five years, twelve thousand five hundred (12,500) dollars, in specie, ten thousand five hundred (10,500) dollars in goods, two thousand (2,000) dollars in provisions and tobacco, two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of two blacksmiths shops, (including pay of smiths and assistants, and iron steel) one thousand (1,000) dollars for pay of two farmers, twelve hundred (1,200) for pay of two carpenters, and two thousand (2,000) dollars for the support of schools for the Indians party to this treaty; and further the United States engage to pay the sum of five thousand (5,000) dollars as an agricultural fund, to be expended under the direction of the Secretary of War. And also the sum of seventy-five thousand (75,000) dollars, shall be allowed for the full satisfaction of their debts within the ceded district, which shall be examined by the commissioner to this treaty, and the amount to be allowed decided upon by him, which shall appear in a schedule hereunto annexed. The United States shall pay the amount so allowed within three years.

Whereas the Indians have expressed a strong desire to have some provision made for their half breed relatives, therefore it is agreed, that fifteen thousand (15,000) dollars shall be paid to said Indians, next year, as a present, to be disposed of, as they, together with their agent, shall determine in council.

ARTICLE V.

Whereas the whole country between Lake Superior and the Mississippi has always been understood as belonging in common to the Chippewas, part to this treaty; and whereas the bands bordering on Lake Superior, have not been allowed to participate in the annuity payments of the treaty made with the Chippewas of the Mississippi at St. Peters July 29th 1837, and whereas all the unceded lands belonging to the aforesaid Indians, are hereafter to be held in common, therefore, to remove all occasion for jealousy and discontent, it is agreed that all the annuity due by the said treaty, as also the annuity due by the present treaty, shall henceforth be equally divided among the Chippewas of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, party to this treaty, so that every person shall receive an equal share.

ARTICLE VI.

The Indians residing on the Mineral district shall be subject to removal therefrom at the pleasure of the resident of the United States.

ARTICLE VII.

This treaty shall be obligatory upon the contracting parties, when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.

The Ojibwe treaty signatories were:

 

#

Location

Recorded Name

Name (Translation/"Alias")

Title

1

Crow Wing River

Po go ne gi shik

Bagonegiizhig (Hole in the Day)

1st chief

2

Crow Wing River

Son go com ick

Zoongakamig (Firm Ground)

2d chief

3

Sandy Lake Band

Ka non do ur uin zo

Gaa-nandawaawinzo (He that Gathers Berries/"le Brocheux")

1st chief

4

Sandy Lake Band

Na tum e gaw bon

Netamigaabawi (Stands First)

2d chief

5

Gull Lake

Ua bo jig

Waabojiig (White Fisher)

1st chief

6

Gull Lake

Pay pe si gon de bay

Bebiizigindibe (Curly Head)

2d chief

7

Red Ceder Lake

Kui ui sen shis

Gwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)

1st chief

8

Red Ceder Lake

Ott taw wance

Odaawaans (Little Ottawa)

2d chief

9

Pokegama

Bai ie jig

Bayezhig (Lone Man)

1st chief

10

Pokegama

Show ne aw

Zhooniyaa (Silver)

2d chief

11

Wisconsin River

Ki uen zi

Akiwenzii (Old Man)

1st chief

12

Wisconsin River

Wi aw bis ke kut te way

2d chief

13

Lac du Flambeau Band

A pish ka go gi

Apishkaagaagi (Magpie/"White Crow")

1st chief

14

Lac du Flambeau Band

May tock cus e quay

Metaakozige ([Smokes] Pure Tobacco)

2d chief

15

Lac du Flambeau Band

She maw gon e

Zhimaagani (Lance)

2d chief

16

Lake Bands

Ki ji ua be she shi

Gichi-waabizheshi (Big Marten)

1st chief

17

Lake Bands

Ke kon o tum

Geganoodam (Intercessor)

2d chief

18

Fond du Lac Band

Shin goob

Zhingob (Balsam)

1st chief

19

Fond du Lac Band

Na gan nab

Naagaanab (Foremost Sitter)

2d chief

20

Fond du Lac Band

Mong o zet

Maangozid (Loon's Foot)

2d chief

21

La Pointe Band

Gitchi waisky

Gichi-weshkiinh (Great-renewer/"Buffalo")

1st chief

22

La Pointe Band

Mi zi

Mizay (Eel)

2d chief

23

La Pointe Band

Ta qua gone e

Dagwagaane (Two Lodges Meet)

2d chief

24

Ontonagon

O kon di kan

Okandikan (Bouy)

1st chief

25

Ontonagon

Kis ke taw wac

Giishkitawag (Cut Ear)

2d chief

26

L'Anse

Pe na shi

Bineshiinh (Bird)

1st chief

27

L'Anse

Guck we san sish

Akakwijenzhish (Bad Little Groundhog)

2d chief

28

Lac Vieux Desert Band

Ka she osh e

Gezhiiyaashi (Sails Fast)

1st chief

29

Lac Vieux Desert Band

Medge waw gwaw wot

2d chief

30

Mille Lacs Indians

Ne qua ne be

Negwanebi ([Quill]feather)

1st chief

31

Mille Lacs Indians

Ua shash ko kum

Wazhashkokon (Muskrat's Liver)

2d chief

32

Mille Lacs Indians

No din

Noodin (Wind)

2d chief

33

St. Croix Band

Be zhi ki

Bizhiki (Buffalo)

1st chief

34

St. Croix Band

Ka bi na be

Gaa-bimabi (He that sits to the side/"Wet mouth")

2d chief

35

St. Croix Band

Ai aw bens

Ayaabens (Little Buck)

2d chief

36

Snake River

Sha go bi

Shák'pí ("Little" Six)

1st chief

37

Chippewa River

Ua be she shi

Waabizheshi (Marten)

1st chief

38

Chippewa River

Que way zhan sis

Gwiiwizhenzhish (Bad Boy)

2d chief

39

Lac Courte Oreilles Band

Ne na nang eb

Nenaa'angebi (Beautifying Bird)

1st chief

40

Lac Courte Oreilles Band

Be bo kon uen

2d chief

41

Lac Courte Oreilles Band

Ki uen zi

Akiwenzii (Old Man)

2d chief

 In presence of—
Henry Blanchford, interpreter.
Samuel Ashmun, interpreter.
Justin Rice.
Charles H. Oakes.
William A. Aitkin.
William Brewster.
Charles M. Borup.
Z. Platt.
C. H. Beaulieau.
L. T. Jamison.
James P. Scott.
Cyrus Mendenhall.
L. M. Warren.

Schedule of claims examined and allowed by Robert Stuart, commissioner, under the treaty with the Chippewa Indians of the Mississippi and Lake Superior, concluded at La Pointe, October 4th 1842, setting forth the names of claimants, and their proportion of allowance of the seventy-five thousand dollars provided in the fourth article of the aforesaid treaty, for the full satisfaction of their debts, as follows:

 

No. of
claim.
Name of claimant.

Proportion
of $75,000. set
apart in
4th article of treaty.

1
2
3
4
5









6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23







24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48










49
50
51
52
53
54


55
Edward F. Ely
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for George Berkett
Cleveland North Lake Co
Abraham W. Williams
William Brewster
This claim to be paid as follows, viz:
William Brewster, or order $1,929 77
Charles W. Borup, or order 122 90

$2,052 67


George Copway
John Kahbege
Alixes Carpantier
John W. Bell
Antoine Picard
Michael Brisette
Francois Dejaddon
Pierre C. Duvernay
Jean Bts. Bazinet
John Hotley
Francois Charette
Clement H. Beaulieu, agent for the estate of Bazil Beaulieu, dec’d
Francois St. Jean and George Bonga
Louis Ladebauche
Peter Crebassa
B. T. Kavanaugh
Augustin Goslin
American Fur Company
This claim to be paid as follows, viz:
American Fur Company 12,565 10
Charles W. Borup 800 20

$13,365 30

William A. Aitken
James P. Scott
Augustin Bellanger
Louis Corbin
Alexes Corbin
George Johnston
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Sam’l Ashman
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Johnson
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for estate of Dan’l Dingley
Lyman M. Warren
Estate of Michael Cadotte, disallowed.
Z. Platt. esq., attorney for estate of E. Roussain
Joseph Dufault
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Antoine Mace
Michael Cadotte
Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Francois Gauthier
Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Joseph Gauthier
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for J. B. Uoulle
Jean Bts. Corbin
John Hulbert
Jean Bts. Couvellion
Nicholas Da Couteau, withdrawn.
Pierre Cotte
W. H. Brockway and Henry Holt, executors to the estate of John Holliday, dec’d.
John Jacob Astor
This claim to be paid as follows, viz:
   Charles W. Borup 1,676 90
   Z. Platt, esq 2,621 80
   John Jacob Astor 23,696 28

$27,994 98

Z. Platt. esq., attorney for Thos. Connor
Charles H. Oakes
Z. Platt, esq., attorney for Wm. Morrison
Z. Platt, esq., att’y for Isaac Butterfield
J. B. Van Rensselaer
William Brewster and James W. Abbot
The parties to this claim request no payment be made to either without their joint consent, or until a decision of the case be had, in a court of justice.
William Bell

$50 80
484 67
1,485 67
75 03
2,052 67









61 67
57 55
28 58
186 16
6 46
182 42
301 48
1,101 00
325 46
69 00
234 92
596 84
366 84
322 52
499 27
516 82
169 05
13,365 30








935 67
73 41
192 35
12 57
596 03
35 24
1,771 63
390 27
1,991 62
1,566 65

959 13
144 32
170 35
205 60
167 05
614 30
64 78
531 50
209 18
18 80

732 50
3,157 10
37,994 98









1,118 60
4,309 21
1,074 70
1,275 56
62 00
2,067 10


17 62


$75,000 00

 

 

 

 

Robert Stuart, Commissioner.

Jno. Hulbert, Secretary.